Broken bones frequently occur in traumatic situations such as a motor vehicle collision or a slip and fall accident. Often, a broken bone injury also affects the muscles, ligaments and tendons. Broken bones (fractures) generally fall into four categories: simple, compound, comminuted and compression.
A simple fracture occurs when the bone is cracked but not displaced. It might only require the wearing a cast for a certain period of time. Even a simple fracture, especially one that affects a growth plate in a child, can result in serious permanent injury and require subsequent surgery and physical therapy. In severe situations, a victim might require orthotics or a shoe insert for greater stability. Sometimes, the victim must use a cane or walker.
A compound fracture not only affects the bone but also tears through surrounding muscles. The bone might protrude through the skin. This type of fracture requires surgery, physical therapy and is prone to infections. This kind of fracture often leaves unsightly scars, regardless of how well the bone has healed.
A comminuted fracture occurs when the bone is broken into three or more pieces. These types of fractures are also referred to as multifragmentary fractures. The elderly are more prone to these type of fractures, even from relatively mild trauma. However, anyone can suffer from comminuted fractures, which are particularly difficult to treat. Surgery with metal screws and plates might be needed. If the comminuted fracture punctures the skin, infection is also possible. This kind of fracture may also leave unsightly scars, regardless of how well the bone has healed.
A compression fracture is a fracture of one or more vertebrae in the spine. A compression fracture can occur throughout the spine, but most commonly affects two or more vertebrae within the lower thoracic and upper lumbar region, sometimes referred to as the thoracolumbar section of the back. A compression fracture is nearly always a serious injury because the spinal cord is near each of the vertebrae and is at risk whenever they shift. A compression fracture is most likely to be caused by serious trauma to the spine. Because of the force necessary to cause compression fractures, they often occur with other injuries, including damage to the spinal cord and severe ligament damage.
Treatment of compression fractures might only require bed rest for short period of time or in severe cases, surgery.
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Regardless of the type of fracture one may have sustained, the victim usually suffers pain, which might require pain medication and steroid injections. Other common symptoms are swelling, discoloration of the affected area and impairment in the normal function of the affected area. Fractures also require weeks to several months to heal and might result in permanent impairment.
Contact the Paige Donnelly personal injury law firm. We will always place your feelings and interests above all considerations. We welcome the privilege of serving the severely injured and their loved ones by relieving them from worrying about legal matters at a time when they are occupied with recovering from their injuries.
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